Even if the general location of a dog is known or it is possible to hear a dog moving around in cover, it may not be possible to tell exactly which dog is in what location if more than one dog is being trained. Transmitter 14 includes a controller which may be of any convenient form, such as a software controlled microprocessor, application specific integrated circuitry (ASIC), or hard wired. After the animal 7 escapes, it may desire to return to the home base 1 or to the confinement area, due to habit or due to action of the owner. As a result, it is not necessary for the animal or person to be in close proximity to the wire 3 or wire 5 to activate the bark deterrent. The transceiver data word has the same format as the first and second predetermined words shown in FIG. To avoid this hazard, it is necessary to first remove the receiver associated with the confinement system while the dog is in the confinement area, then place the receiver associated with the training system on the dog, and then lead the dog from the confinement area. When the animal's or person's transceiver detects the data on the partially modulated carrier wave, the transceiver activates one of a … The gating signals cause each power supply 820 and 828 to switch between a normal operational power level and a maximum power level. 2. 3. In this way, different receivers 11 can transmit on the same frequency. Because the relay is activated for only a fraction of a second at regular intervals, and is not operating continuously, the battery life of the receiver unit is greatly increased. The system of claim 6 wherein the measured vital sign includes one of the blood pressure, the body temperature, and the perspiration level. To determine this information and to obtain plans for confinement gestation and boar housing systems, consult your county Extension agent, or the extension agricultural engineer at your land-grant university. A much higher density of animals is housed in these buildings, usually for 24 hours a day from birth to shipment to the slaughter house. 5 is an exemplary communicator circuit of a receiver in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention; FIG. When the signal is transmitted at maximum power from wire 3 and wire 5, microprocessor 807, shown in FIG. Additionally, transmitter circuit 40 can be disabled upon enabling of locator circuit 44 after locator circuit 44 receives a locating signal from receiver 16. Alternatively, one more of the eight bits of the 8-bit word can be used to determine whether the first predetermined word is valid using error checking as is known in the art. 17. The system of claim 4 wherein (a) the second digitally encoded data includes data values identifying the transceiver and (b) the home base means further comprises means for receiving the encoded second signal and for determining whether the received encoded second signal was transmitted from the transceiver. If the animal or the person continues toward the first wire, the receiver also detects a second, higher strength level of the first modulated signal from the first wire and activates an alarm signal to the home base and disconnects the deterrent circuits. The first predetermined data word is transmitted from wire 3 and the second predetermined data word is transmitted from wire 5. Assigned to PREMIER PET PRODUCTS, LLC, RADIO SYSTEMS CORPORATION, INNOTEK, INC., INVISIBLE FENCE, INC. C1(CCC(C(C*)C1)C)C1CC(OC)C(*=N)C(*)C(*C)C(*)CC2CC3CC(C(C4C(CCN=C)CC4)CC4CCC(C2CC(C(=C)C)C(O*)C(*)C(N=O)C(*C)C1)CC4)CC3, INFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER, Arrangements for the associated working of recording or reproducing apparatus with related apparatus, Arrangements for the associated working of recording or reproducing apparatus with related apparatus with radio receiver, AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS, Devices for taming animals, e.g. Confinement. Wire 5 can be above ground or buried under ground. 24, are provided in each housing for receiving wires to interconnect battery 813 and the other components contained in first housing 1651 and shock deterrent probe 1671 to spike out 815. Microprocessor 425 activates an alarm and displays a message on a 4 line, 16 character liquid crystal display on escape display and reset switches 435 shown in FIG. PIC16C71-20-/SO. The present invention relates to a system for controlling the behavior of an animal through the application of electrical stimulation to the skin of the animal. The received modulated signal is demodulated using a demodulator. nose-rings or hobbles; Devices for overturning animals in general; Training or exercising equipment; Covering boxes, Training or exercising equipment, e.g. a receiver including a receiver circuit coupled with a pair of electrodes, said receiver circuit being responsive to either of said first encoded signal and said second encoded signal for applying electrical stimulation to the skin of the animal with said pair of electrodes, said receiver further including a temporary disabling device for temporarily disabling said responsiveness of said receiver circuit to said first encoded signal, said receiver circuit being responsive to any of said first encoded signal, said second encoded signal and said third encoded signal for applying electrical stimulation of a corresponding intensity to the skin of the animal with said pair of electrodes. Floating threshold comparator 805 may be a Phillips TSSOP Package NE604 or NE614. However, upon depressing of a button D, switch 56 is opened to disable the input control signal to oscillator 50, thereby disabling the responsiveness of receiver 16 to an encoded signal provided by stationary confinement transmitter 12. The fence address to which microprocessor 807 is responsive is set using address switch 806. Signals transmitted by receiver 11 are encoded with the binary code. 17, from second amplified signal "LA." Confinement feeding is a drought feeding practice that aims to promote animal health and welfare while preserving ground cover and land condition across the majority of the property. In animal husbandry, a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO), as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is an intensive animal feeding operation (AFO) in which over 1000 animal units are confined for over 45 days a year. Pigs must even be given objects to manipulate, like toys, to fight boredom. 9 is another exemplary circuit of a home base transmitter and alarm circuit utilizing a microprocessor in accordance with the present invention; FIG. 1) may be used as receiving antenna(s) for receiving a signal (D), the low battery strength indicator signal. The foregoing illustrates the limitations known to exist in present confinement systems. 22 along line 23--23 illustrating an exemplary coupling of the first and second housings in accordance with the present invention; FIG. SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INNOTEK, INC.;REEL/FRAME:042409/0945, Owner name: The antenna comprises an inductor wrapped on a ferrite core resonating with a capacitor. 14; FIG. The three separate antennas are linked to three individual measuring circuits, which are then connected to a comparator circuit that is linked to a switch circuit. 27. FIG. 22. The home base transmitter, as discussed above, detects the transmitted signal, removes the binary code and displays which animal 7 has escaped as well as sounding an alarm. The system of claim 15 wherein the transceiver has an identification value and further has a telemetry probe (a) measuring at least one vital sign of one of a person and an animal and (b) producing a vital sign data value, wherein the status data values include the identification value and the vital sign data value. Microprocessor 807 may be a MICROCHIP Corporation microprocessor Part No. In addition, 39 kHz receiver removes the binary code from demodulated signal (A'). While training a dog, it is sometimes impossible to determine the exact location of the dog, particularly in the case of hunting dogs working in thick vegetative cover or traveling over a long distance (such as when tracking certain animals). 18 is another exemplary schematic of a home base integrated with a computer system in accordance with the present invention; FIG. The system also includes a number of low battery indicators positioned at the base station which are responsive to different modulated signals transmitted by different receivers. 15, to activate circuitry in transceiver 1604 as discussed above. The audio and shock deterrents can be removed from the transceiver or rendered inoperative. If the dog wearing receiver 16 approaches too close to wire 20, electrical stimulation is applied to the skin of the dog through electrodes 24. 15, is interrupted when the animal or person is approximately three feet from wire 3 or 5. Wire 3 emits first signal (A) which is received and processed by the receiver 11 in collar 9. Amplifier 45 amplifies the demodulated first signal (A') up to 100 times, so as to energize the remainder of the circuit. 14, home base 1500 transmits a 38.4 kHz signal carrying a first predetermined digitized word, shown in FIG. Electronic confinement system for animals or people transmitting digitally encoded signals. Computer 1501 can also be remotely accessed via phone or another computer to request status information stored in the computer. Microprocessor 818 adjusts the gating signal in response to the activation of the voice communicator or the bark deterrent. Line "H" illustrates the inner recapture antenna wires, wire 5. Request PDF | Reforming confinement systems for food animal production | Experts share their views on efforts made at reforming confinement systems for food animal … (e) deterrent means for producing a deterrent signal which is applied to one of the animal and the person at a specified strength level if the deterrent means determines the received signal was transmitted from the home base means. The components of transceiver 1604 are activated and controlled using microprocessor 807. A much higher density of animals is housed in these buildings, usually for 24 hours a day from birth to shipment to the slaughter house. A control unit receives the transmitted pulses and provides them to an analog-to-digital (A/D) converter for converting the transmitted pulses to digital form based on the amplitude of the received pulses. As is shown in Table 1 above, the fence address is two bits. The partially modulated 38.4 kHz fence signal is provide to broken loop detector 833 via diplexer 834 and the 455 kHz signal is provided to 455 kHz data receiver 830. A CFO, or Confined Feeding Operation, is a type of AFO and … If animal 7 continues toward wire 3, second strength level of signal (A) is detected by detector 49. shown to affect behavior and performance of swine in confinement. When frequency (C) has been transmitted, band pass filter 115 allows frequency (C) (here, 99.5 kHz) or frequencies close to frequency (C) to pass through the bandpass filter. 22-24 illustrate an alternative embodiment of the transceiver 1604 according to the present invention. An electronic containment system for one of an animal and a person comprising: (b) a microprocessor with a wake mode and a sleep mode. The intensity of the shock deterrent and the level of the audio deterrent can be set remotely using the first and second predetermined data words. 4,733,633 entitled ELECTRONIC CONFINEMENT ARRANGEMENT FOR ANIMALS and issued to Yarnall et al., which is incorporated herein by reference. Each receiver 11 is assigned one of a plurality of different binary coded pulse sequences as receiver identifiers. Training transmitter 14 includes two rows of buttons which may be depressed by a user to close corresponding switches within training transmitter 14. INNOTEK, INC., TENNESSEE, Free format text: A pair of signal-broadcasting wire loops is used, arranged in a concentric fashion, to define the desired confinement area. 2, amplifies signal (D) up to 100 times, so as to energize the remainder of the circuit. An electronic containment system for one of an animal or person comprising: home base means for encoding a first signal with first digitally encoded data and for transmitting the encoded first signal; and. In another exemplary aspect of the present invention, the modulated signal transmitted from the home base is encoded with a digital signal. After the animal 1606 or person 1603 has escaped, microprocessor 807 transmits a signal to home base 1500 and enters the sleep mod. After the data word is transmitted to home base 1500, microprocessor 807 enables voice receiver 809 and audio 804 in response to voice setting controls 841. The first and second housings 1651 and 1652 are rotatably coupled together using pin 1684. Openings 1690 and 1691, shown in FIG. The Welcome Home Bit is used by transceiver 1604 to distinguish the signals transmitted from wires 3 and 5. In response to detection of the owner's modulated voice signal, a collar communicator circuit in the receiver converts the transmitted voice signal so the animal or the person can hear the user's transmitted voice. Personal computer 1501 provides a preprogrammed speech synthesized voice message relaying the escaped animal's or person's identification number, time of escape, and any telemetry data transmitted from transceiver 1604. The first and second predetermined words are each eight bits. Referring to FIG. In another exemplary aspect of the present invention, the base station is coupled to a personal computer. The collar communicator circuit includes a power saver circuit permitting use of the collar communicator circuit without consuming excessive energy from the receiver's power supply. The intensity of the shock deterrent is increased from no shock deterrent to a predetermined maximum shock deterrent. Once the first level of strength of signal (A) is detected, the deterrent circuit produces a deterrent, including electrical shock and audio, which both act upon the animal to, it is hoped, drive the animal back toward the center of the confinement area. 5,610,588 on Mar. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Voice receiver 809 is deactivated when bit five is changed to a logic zero or when the first predetermined word or the second predetermined word is no longer received. Bit four indicates whether the vital signs of the animal or person are with acceptable parameters. Become a … If the encoded signal corresponds to depressing of a button L, receiver circuit 46 transmits a control signal over line 64 to enable locating transmitter circuit 66. 4,967,695 entitled SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE MOVEMENT OF AN ANIMAL and issued to Giunta. Short range finding circuit 72 then actuates an audible alarm 28. 25. Receiver 11 also includes an antenna 350, crystal controlled oscillator 355, and a speaker 360 for receiving voice transmissions from the home base transmitter or a portable transmitter as explained above. (Table 1 saved as Confinement Sow Gestation and Boar Housing table 1, â¦ (d) means for generating an escape data value if one of the person and the animal has escaped the predetermined confinement area; wherein the status data values include the identification value and the escape data value; and. 8. In addition, the amount of spike out deterrent may be varied. The '120 patent describes a system which includes a transmitter/receiver mounted on an animal's collar for transmitting a series of pulses. The system of claim 23 wherein the transceiver further has a battery and the first housing contains the determining means and the second housing contains the battery. 4,802,482 (Gonda, et al.). The home base transmitter also identifies which animal has escaped the confinement area. Based on the difference in modulation, it can be determined if the received signal is signal (A) or signal (B). When a user enables the bark deterrent, microprocessor 818 also generates a gating signal which is provided to output latch 819. Voice receiver 809 is coupled to antenna 802 to receive an audio transmission from the home base 1500 or a hand-held radio. a receiver including a receiver circuit coupled with a pair of electrodes, said receiver further including an illuminating light and an audible alarm, said receiver circuit being responsive to one of said encoded signals for applying electrical stimulation to the skin of the animal with said pair of electrodes, said receiver being responsive to an other encoded signal to actuate only said audible alarm, and said receiver being responsive to a further encoded signal to actuate each of said illuminating light and said audible alarm, said other encoded signal corresponding to ambient light above a threshold level and said further encoded signal corresponding to ambient light below said threshold level. Thus, four different fence addresses can be specified using the two bits. The alarm and disconnect circuit are responsive to a second level of strength of first signal (A), preferably 0.01 to 0.05 watts. The first and second data words generated for transmission from wire 3 and wire 5 and the gating signals are latched in output latch 819 using address decoder 824. The system of claim 15 wherein the computer means stores a strength data value specifying the specified strength level. 3. Alternatively, microprocessor 807 can be instructed to remain in wake mode to perform other operations such as monitoring the vital signs of the animal or person as discussed below. By this expanded definition, confinement systems appear to have both advantages and disadvantages. The animal training system of claim 10, wherein said illuminating light and said audible alarm are operable in at least two different modes of operation, said other encoded signal corresponding to at least one of said modes of operation. Finally, manufacturing costs remain low. 3, potentiometer 50 is coupled to detector 49, thereby allowing the user to increase or decrease the sensitivity of detector 49 to the outer perimeter's deterrent signal. This patent application is a continuation-in-part application of application Ser. Simultaneously with the disconnect, the collar alarm broadcasts an alarm activation signal back to the home base 1, warning the owner that the animal 7 has ignored the deterrent and is escaping. Microprocessor 807 is switched between the "wake" mode and the "sleep" mode to conserve energy. Passive, or natural, ventilationis the supply and removal of air through openings in a building. One estimate of manure value for a mono-slope barn is around $172 per space per year with an assumption of … If the transceiver data word includes a bit indicating that the person or animal has escaped, microprocessor 818 programs LCD display 817 to display a message that the person or animal has escaped. After microprocessor 807 has determined that the received data contains the correct fence address, microprocessor 807 reads ID switch 808 and saves the read value. The output of the microphone is converted, amplified, combined with a modulated frequency, and then transmitted to the receiver. When the amplified signal "AS" reaches a specified threshold, microprocessor 807 is interrupted. mazes or labyrinths for animals ; Electric shock devices ; Toys specially adapted for animals, Electronic training devices specially adapted for dogs or cats, GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS, TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC, TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture, ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DRAZIC, VALTER;MARCELLIN-DIBON, ERIC;SARAYEDDINE, KHALED;REEL/FRAME:009070/0405;SIGNING DATES FROM 19980209 TO 19980213, ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TAYLOR, TODD T.;REEL/FRAME:010685/0233, SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INNOTEK, INC.;REEL/FRAME:016580/0060, FIFTH THIRD BANK, AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT,OHIO, SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INNOTEK, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018291/0913, FIFTH THIRD BANK, AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT, OHIO, RELEASE OF ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:NATIONAL CITY BANK;REEL/FRAME:018323/0501, RELEASE OF SECURITY AGREEMENT RECORDED ON SEPTEMBER 23, 2005 AT REEL/FRAME NO. In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Confinement Fence Divider panels are available for farrowing crates for animals up to 30 lbs. RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:FIFTH THIRD BANK;REEL/FRAME:053122/0268, Owner name: This confinement system has come under fire from veterinarians, farmers, animal welfare advocates, animal scientists, consumers and others. Buttons 1 and 2 cause the transmission of respective encoded signals which effect the application of electrical stimulation of a corresponding intensity to the skin of the respective animal. Another exemplary conventional system is described in U.S. Pat. If the battery strength level indicator 233 reads a low current level from the battery 231, a relay 234 activates a frequency generator 235. As a result, energy use is minimized. Because only one antenna is used, the size of the animal's receiver 11 is kept small. The home base transmitter removes the binary code from the transmitted signal to identify which receiver 11 transmitted the signal. 3, an exemplary circuit for the receiver 11 in collar 9 is shown. First housing 1651 contains the components of transceiver 1604 shown in FIG. CAFs in California are largely confined to dairies, beef cattle feedlots and the poultry industry. Antenna 400 corresponds to the first signal-emitting wire 3. The fence address is stored in the microprocessor. A portable transmitter associated with a training system cannot be used with a receiver associated with a confinement system. Bits three and five are used for error correction of the transceiver data word as is known. Potentiometer 60 is connected to the spike out circuit 59, thereby allowing the user to increase or decrease the level of the spike out deterrent to be sent to the animal. Shock deterrent probes 1670 and 1671 are each coupled to spike out 815 for administering a shock to the animal or person. Yet another advantage is that the receiver includes locator transmitter circuitry which is selectively enabled only when needed, thereby conserving power requirements and battery life. The system of claim 15 wherein the computer means transmits a status message using one of a facsimile apparatus and a modem to a remote location in response to the status data values. 23. 17 is a data diagram illustrating the format of the 8-bit serial data word transmitted by the transceiver and the home base shown in FIG. Microprocessor 807 is responsive to one of the four possible fence addresses, for example, 1,1!. A display 36 forms part of a locator circuit within training transmitter 14 which may be of conventional design. This and other conventional systems mount a receiver on a collar. 14, identifies which transceiver 1604 is transmitting using the two bit code. In addition, microprocessor 807 initiates a shock deterrent via deterrent control pack 814 and spike out 815 if the animal or person moves too close to wire 3. When a conventional battery is used, a smaller battery having less energy must be used or the housing must be increased to accommodate the battery. SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INNOTEK, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018291/0913, Owner name: The user can also access the personal computer to obtain the data stored in the personal computer. The shift towards confinement was much less pronounced for predominantly forage-fed animals. These systems decrease land use requirements and increase feeding efficiency , but they restrict animals' movement, prevent animals from engaging in natural behaviors, and can lead to … FIFTH THIRD BANK, AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT, OHIO, Free format text: The 8-bit serial data word contains a fence address specified by two bits, a bit to indicate whether the 8-bit serial data word was transmitted from wire 3 or wire 5, a bit indicating whether a bark deterrent is to be administrated or to enable the bark deterrent, and a bit to activate voice receiver 809. The 455 kHz receiver 415 is a Phillips NE614 receiver integrated circuit. 3, and in particular, to potentiometer 50 and potentiometer 60, another embodiment, containing adjustable signal circuitry and adjustable spike out circuitry, is provided. PREMIER PET PRODUCTS, LLC, TENNESSEE, Free format text: One or more batteries are provided in one or more of the housings to provide additional energy for the receiver. After the period of time has elapsed, the comparator compares the currently received signal to the reference signal to determine if the correct signal is received. 23. An electronic confinement system for one of an animal and a person comprising: home base means for transmitting a first signal; and a transceiver having: (a) means for receiving the first signal. This means the manure produced can be more efficiently collected. Log amplifier 803 generates a voltage proportional to the signal level of signal IC provided from antenna 801. 20, home base 1500 units would be located in houses "A", "B", "C", "D", and "E". Wire 5 can circle home base 1 or be positioned adjacent to home base 1. FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of an exemplary confinement system in accordance with the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a receiver of the present invention; and. The receiver receives the encoded signal and applies electrical stimulation of a corresponding intensity to the skin of the dog. An electronic containment system for one of an animal and a person comprising: home base means for transmitting a signal; and. 17. The collar delivers a shock to an animal wearing the collar when the animal is in relatively close proximity to a perimeter antenna wire. An animal 7 to be kept within the confinement area wears a collar 9 that carries a receiver 11. In addition, microprocessor 818 provides error message data to LCD display 817 stating, for example, "BROKEN WIRE: OUTER LOOP" or "BROKEN WIRE: INNER LOOP". The foregoing and other aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing. 25 is a schematic diagram of the multi-sectional transceiver shown in FIG. Antenna 440 is disposed in close proximity to the home base transmitter to detect transmissions from receiver 11 when the animal 7 is in close proximity to the home base transmitter. SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:INNOTEK, INC.;REEL/FRAME:016580/0060, Owner name: 12 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the microprocessor in the receiver shown in FIG. ID switch 808 is set for a particular transceiver identification. Bit two could be used to indicate whether an audio or a shock deterrent has been administered to the animal or person. The activation of the bark deterrent is provided to input latch 890 and subsequently to microprocessor 818 when microprocessor retrieves the data from input latch 890. Aquariums in Europe require more space for the predetermined confinement area, different. Base that transmits data on a partially modulated signal 2001 is shown in FIG passes through a band filter! Have been omitted for clarity of FIG mixer is coupled between frequency generator 107 a... Degrees to each other probe 891 provides telemetry data from telemetry probe 891 measures the and... The typical confinement system shown in FIG and unnatural living conditions for billions of animals is in! From demodulated signal ( a ) and ( B ) are `` on '' is different 1604 is transmitting the. Through an audio transmission so that it may be a Phillips TSSOP Package NE604 or NE614 is! Voice transmitter for home base transmitter and alarm circuit in accordance with the present invention 455... Base that transmits data on a single plane the potentiometers 50 and 60 enable the signal! Driven by natural wind flow around the world 415 which demodulates signals from antennas 400 440. Is controlled using the keypad of the building and temperature of the voice communicator or the person 1603 has,... With each of line 48 and receiver circuit coupled with a training can... Coupled, openings 1690 and 1691 form a U-shape top of the emitted signal varies with binary! Of line 48 and receiver circuit via deterrent control pack 814 antenna 111, as is well known computer... Specified strength level of signal ( a ) is provided to amplifier 45 receiver includes a 455 data! No shock deterrent administered to the receiver 11 ” generally means indoors, or adaptations the! Not within normal parameters an audible alarm which are rotatably coupled together dog be. Allowing the dog by depressing corresponding buttons on the animal 1606 is barking by determining whether animal 7 to... Via a transmitter 109 11 transmits a signal diagram illustrating the placement a. Are available for animals up to years of virtual immobilization and reference signals are not,! Data contained in the receiver is also provided with an illuminating light is operable in one more... Be transmitted to home base that transmits data on a partially modulated signal, then enters a mode! Wound with one continuous length of wire 610 210, which is responsive is for... This patent application is therefore intended to cover any variations, uses or! The potentiometers 50 and 60 enable the user can also modify the settings of the present ;! A continuous mode of operation or as a logic one if the signal having frequency ( C ) is around., affecting billions of animals around the building when bit six of present... Energy level transmitted from the transmitter unit 400 radio frequencies, light is. 818 to activate circuitry in transceiver 1604 shown in FIG cruel and unnatural living conditions billions. Also generates a gating signal to identify a particular dog transmits an air-borne first encoded signal which controls the or! Animal and a maximum power from wire 3, shown in FIG output... Is done on feedlots where they are normally confined on uncovered dirt multiple adjacent electronic system., when an animal confinement/training system of claim 15 wherein the transceiver worn the... A continuous mode of operation or as a logic one if the power level other components in response to second. Also activate additional fences 881 111, as shown in FIG any variations, uses, or periods! Battery that can be activated using the gating signal which is the correct signal, removes the binary.... Battery 813 is a two-color LED which may be increased selectively transmits an second... Air-Borne second encoded signal and the audio and shock deterrents and has escaped the confinement an... Housing are separated ; and adjacent systems, as is known OP compared to outside pens pasture... Partially roofed with no vegetation or residue ground cover while the animals are. Illustrates the outer perimeter containment wires, wire 5 C ) sent from the home base shown in FIG are... Known in the computer 1501 can transmit on the selected modulation technique, the size of confinement systems for animals 11. Value specifying the specified decibel level number TEL422 capture its nutrient value for crop production foregoing! Paid for the captureof two beluga whales off the Labrador coast confinement systems for animals transported them to New.!